Optometrists play an important and ongoing role in your overall health.
They diagnose, treat and prevent diseases affecting your sight and are essential in the early diagnoses of health conditions that first present in the eyes.
People of all ages should see an optometrist regularly to have their vision measured, and to have eye movement and coordination tested.
Optometrists can prescribe glasses, contact lenses, prescription eye drops and vision training exercises. They can also refer for laser surgery or refer to ophthalmologist if needed.
Infants should have their first eye exam between six and nine months.
Children should have at least one eye exam between the ages of two and five, and yearly after starting school.
Adults aged 19 to 64 should have an eye exam at least every two years, and people with diabetes should have an exam at least once a year.
People over the age of 40 may be at an increased risk for age-related eye conditions, some of which may have no visible symptoms until the condition is advanced and difficult, or even impossible, to treat.
Adults aged 65 or older are at a higher risk for a number of eye conditions and diseases that can threaten your sight, and should have an eye exam at least once a year.